Harry Potter in Chinese, Japanese & Vietnamese Translation

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Harry Potter:
Mistranslations in the Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese versions


Wandering minstrel owls? (Mainland Chinese version)


Weird and wonderful is the world of Harry Potter, with three-headed dogs, dragons, grindylows, hippogriffs, merpeople, giant spiders, basilisks, and many other strange creatures.

But the Mainland Chinese translation has one fantastic creature that is found nowhere else. This is the xiǎo yín-yóu shīrén māotóuyīng, the 'small reciting wandering poet owl'. This delightful name conjures up visions of small owls roaming from village to village, reciting their poetry to the applause of admiring local inhabitants. Or perhaps owls that exclusively carry poetic messages and recite them aloud to the addressee. It is indeed a magical image perfectly in fitting with Harry's world.

Alas, the 'small reciting wandering poet owl' does not exist; it is simply a hilarious mistake in translation. The owl in question is none other than the scops owl, one of the owl species belonging to the genus Otus. The word 'scops' comes from the Ancient Greek word for owls generally.

I had been scratching my head over the origin of this 'wandering reciting poet owl' when I receieved an email from Mr Brian Hughes of the US which cleared it up completely.

What happened is that the translator has looked up 'scops owl' and been unable to find it in the dictionary. This appears to be one of those words that some lexicographers apparently consider too 'difficult', 'specialised', or 'technical' to include in a dictionary. What the translator found was the word 'scop' (pronounced 'shope', 'scope', or 'scop'). A 'scop' is 'an old English poet or bard'. Based on this, our 'scops owl' was magically transformed into a 'wandering reciting poet owl'! It makes good sense to check as many dictionaries as you can, especially if you are a translator.

Mistake or not, there is something enormously appealing about the idea of 'wandering reciting poet owls'. Perhaps the author should consider including a few in books 6 and 7. They would make a marvellous addition to Harry's world.

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