Harry Potter in Chinese, Japanese & Vietnamese Translation

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The Names of Gadgets and Objects in Harry Potter
Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese Translation




Chinese (Mainland) 照妖镜
zhào = 'to reflect, show, look into (mirror)'.
yāo = 'ghost, demon, monster'.
jìng = 'mirror'.
Monster-showing mirror
Chinese (Taiwan) 仇敵鏡
仇敵 chóudí = 'foe, enemy'.
jìng = 'mirror'.
Enemy mirror
Japanese 敵鏡
teki = 'enemy'.
kagami = 'mirror'.
Enemy mirror
Vietnamese Gương-Thù
Gương Chiếu Thù
Gương = 'mirror'.
Thù () = 'enemy'.

Gương = 'mirror'.
Chiếu () = 'to light up, project, show'.
Thù () = 'enemy'
Enemy mirror
Show enemy mirror
(Where a Vietnamese word has been borrowed from Chinese, the original Chinese character is shown in parentheses.)

The Foe-Glass is a 'Dark detector', a mirror that tells you when your enemies are close by. The imposter Mad-Eye Moody had one (Book 4, Chapter 20) but it proved to be of little use in the end because he forgot to look into it. The same Foe-Glass turned up again in the Room of Requirement (Book 5 Chapter 18). For more information, see Harry Potter Lexicon: Magical Items and Devices).

'Foe-Glass' sounds a little old-fashioned in English. In modern terms it might be called an 'Enemy Mirror'. That is how it is treated by the Japanese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese translators (the Vietnamese translator uses different terms at different places). The Taiwanese translator uses a somewhat formal term for 'enemy' or 'foe'.

The most interesting is the Mainland version, which translates it as 照妖镜 zhàoyāo-jìng. This is a type of magic mirror from Chinese tradition that shows a monster for what it really is. (照妖镜 zhàoyāo-jìng is also used more broadly in modern Chinese for anything that will distinguish between the real and the fake, or anything that will show someone's true colours). However, Moody's demon-revealing mirror failed to show that Moody himself was an imposter!

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