Harry Potter in Chinese, Japanese & Vietnamese Translation
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Chapter 10: The Marauder's Map

 

Chinese (Mainland)
活点地图
Huó-diǎn dìtú
活点 huó-diǎn = 'moving point'.
地图 dìtú = 'map'.
The moving-point map
Chinese (Taiwan)
劫盜地圖
Jiédào dìtú
劫盜 jiédào = 'plunder and rob'.
地圖 dìtú = 'map'.
The map for plundering
Japanese
忍びの地図
Shinobi no chizu
忍び shinobi = 'steal about, spy, scout'.
no = connecting particle
地図 chizu = 'map'.
The map for stealing about
Vietnamese (Chinese characters show etymology)
Bản đồ của đạo tặc bản đồ (版圖) = 'map'.
của = 'of'.
đạo tặc (盜賊) = 'burglars and bandits'.
Burglars and bandits map

Marauder

The four friends who made this map thought of themselves in a swashbuckling way as marauders -- people who roam around making surprise raids for pillage and plunder. However, 'marauder' does sound a bit violent and brutal, so two of the translators depart from the English original.

    The Japanese translator uses the word shinobi, which refers to stealth rather than violence (the character for shinobi is the same as the nin- in ninja). The name is quite appropriate because the map allows Harry to steal around Hogwarts without being seen.

    The Mainland Chinese version takes a completely different tack. The map is named for the fact that people show up as 'moving points' ( huó means 'alive' but here has the meaning 'moving' - see Book One Chapter 16.)

Map

The word for 'map' is the same in Chinese and Japanese, namely 地圖 / 地图 / 地図. The Vietnamese word for 'map' is bản đồ, related to the Chinese word 版圖 bǎntú meaning 'domain' or 'territory'.

(A summary of this chapter can be found at Harry Potter Facts. Detailed notes on the chapter can be found at Harry Potter Lexicon)

Chapter 9
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